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The Florida Bar
www.floridabar.org


Joan A Lenard
District Judge


The following information was provided in response to a survey prepared by the Federal Court Practice Committee of The Florida Bar. This information is not binding on any judge or court official and may not be relied upon for precedential purposes. Further information may be found in the attachments (sample orders, etc.) referenced at the end of this Guide entry or on the court's website noted below.

JUDGE

Court: Southern District of Florida
Location of chambers: 301 North Miami Avenue, 7th Floor, Miami, FL 33128
Assigned courtroom: Courtroom 7
Phone: (305) 523-5500
Email address (only for proposed orders or jury instructions):

CHAMBERS

Staff:
Judicial Assistant/Secretary: Diana Pizarro
Phone: (305) 523-5500
Email address:

Courtroom Deputy: Lisa Shelnut
Phone: (305) 523-5506
Email address:

Court Reporter: Richard Kaufman
Phone: (305) 523-5499
Email address:

Docket Clerk: Rehan Ahmad
Phone: (305) 523-5241
Email address:

Law Clerk phone number(s), only if you permit law clerk(s) to receive calls:

Communication with chambers:

Do you permit contact with chambers

      regarding questions of procedure?

      regarding the status of pending matters?

May counsel contact chambers to speak with your law clerks(s)

      on procedural matters?

      on the status of pending matters?

Comments:

USE OF CELL PHONES, LAPTOPS, AND OTHER ELECTRONICS IN COURT

Other than procedures adopted by the U.S. Marshal's Service relating to access to a federal courthouse, do you have any additional procedures to be followed for the use of cell phones, laptops, or other electronics?

Is there a designated court staff person to contact relating to the use of electronic media or other audiovisual needs?

*Always verify with the Clerk of Court or the U.S. Marshal's Service as to any procedures relating to the use of cell phones or other electronic devices at the courthouse.

CM/ECF PROCEDURES
(in addition to Local Rules or CM/ECF procedures applicable in the District)

Do you have a preferred method for counsel to correct an electronically filed document that inadvertently contains personal information (as prohibited by Fed.R.Civ.P. 5.2)?

Do you have a preferred method governing the filing of sealed documents?

Do you prefer that (non-trial) exhibits be filed as separate docket entries (instead of filing them as attachments to the document they support)?

When filing documents with multiple attachments, do you prefer that the document be filed such that it is displayed with bookmarks within the PDF image? (This question only applies if such filing is available as a format for filing attachments in your District.)

Do you prefer that (non-trial) exhibits and depositions be filed conventionally as well as on CM/ECF?

      If YES, do you require more than one copy to be filed?

Do you prefer to have proposed orders (other than those required to be filed in the case) submitted as an attachment to documents filed in CM/ECF, or do you prefer to receive them by email or another method?

Should proposed orders be submitted in a format which can be edited, or is a PDF version acceptable?

Comments:


Do you conduct preliminary pretrial conferences in criminal cases? Yes

      If YES, what matters do you typically discuss during a preliminary pretrial conference? The scheduling of trial, disclosure of discovery and the parameters for the filing of motions and responses are all considered by the Court.

Do you require the defendant to be present at status conferences?

      If YES, do you have the same policy for defendants in custody and for defendants on bond?

Do you conduct suppression hearings or do you refer them to a Magistrate Judge?

Do you conduct hearings on pretrial motions to dismiss or to sever? Yes

Do you take the plea or do you regularly refer plea hearings to a Magistrate Judge?

If you regularly refer plea hearings to a Magistrate Judge, what circumstances would permit the parties to have a plea hearing before you?

Do you have a regular plea deadline?

      If YES, when is that deadline?

      If NO, is a plea deadline set at pretrial conferences?

What is your policy concerning nolo contendere or Alford pleas?

Do you have any special procedures regarding plea agreements for individuals who are cooperating with the government, e.g., sealed plea agreements, etc.?

What is your policy as to plea agreements that involve sentencing recommendations? All matters are handled on a case-by-case basis.

Comments:

PRETRIAL PROCEDURE (CIVIL)

Do you issue a standard pretrial order? (Please attach a copy at the end of this survey.)

Do you conduct preliminary pretrial hearings, e.g., pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 16? No

      If YES, what matters do you typically discuss during preliminary pretrial hearings? Not at this time

Do you have any requirements, beyond those found in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Local Rules, as to motions for extension of time or motions for continuance?

      If YES, what do you require?

Other than as required by Local Rules, do you prefer that the moving parties submit proposed orders along with non-dispositive motions?

Do you have any requirements, beyond those found in the Federal Rules and the Local Rules, as to ex parte temporary restraining orders? All motions should be filed in the clerk's office pursuant to S.D.Fla.L.R. 5.1(B), (D) – (1 original & 1 copy for Judge) – Chambers will then notify the movant once the motion has been reviewed and disposition made.

Do you generally hear preliminary injunction motions? Yes

      If YES, do you permit evidence to be introduced?

      If NO, do you routinely refer preliminary injunctions for report and recommendation by a Magistrate Judge? Yes

Should copies of cases cited in motions and memoranda be forwarded to chambers?

      copies of published cases?

      copies of unpublished opinions?

If copies of cases are submitted, do you accept copies that have portions highlighted by counsel?

Do you regularly set aside time during a given week/month for hearings on motions? Yes

      If YES, when is your normal hearing date/time? As needed

Under what circumstances do you allow telephonic hearings?

What is your practice concerning oral arguments on dispositive motions? Oral argument if appropriate.

Will you entertain motions in limine prior to trial?

      If YES, how far in advance should they be filed?

Comments:

Other than those discovery schedules contained in Local Rules, do you have special discovery deadlines or procedures for certain types of cases (ERISA, FLSA, etc.)?

      If YES, what types of cases and what are the deadlines or procedures?

Do you routinely refer discovery matters to a Magistrate Judge? Yes

When a dispute arises during a deposition, is it appropriate to call your chambers or the Magistrate Judge's chambers (depending on whether the case has been referred for discovery) to seek an immediate ruling?

Comments:


What is your preference regarding the use of alternative dispute resolution methods such as arbitration or mediation?

Do you require counsel to submit a proposed order referring the case to mediation?

Do you have a procedure for counsel to request referral to a Magistrate Judge for settlement conferences?

Do you have any special procedures for the settlement of FLSA cases?

Comments:

TRIAL

Do you automatically set civil cases for trial or do you wait for counsel to propose a time period in which a case should be scheduled for trial?

Do you grant specially set trial dates (dates certain)? Yes

      If YES, under what circumstances will you grant trial dates certain? Special set determinations are based upon the complexity of cases and availability of witnesses and docket considerations.

      IF NO, what is your policy regarding notice for trial during a trial docket (e.g., will you give at least 48 hours' notice)? All cases are assigned numbers at calendar call. Once a trial ends, the next case (in numerical sequence) begins trial the following day.

What is your practice or procedure regarding rescheduling trials that are not reached on a trial docket, e.g., will the trial date be automatically rescheduled on your next trial docket?

Do you conduct pretrial conferences?

      If YES, and you have a standing order regarding pretrial conferences, please attach a copy at the end of this survey.

Do you conduct Daubert hearings prior to trial? Yes

What, if any, procedural requirements do you have regarding the use of videotapes, trial graphics, depositions, and demonstrations? Computer presentation system, VCR and ELMO, including cassette and computer hook-ups are available for use during trial. Counsel, witness and jurors all have flat screens.

Do you require trial briefs

      in jury trials? Yes

      in bench trials? Yes

If you require trial briefs, when are they due?

Do you have any requirements for trial briefs?

Do you permit counsel to perform voir dire? No

      If YES, what guidelines or restrictions must counsel follow when conducting voir dire?

      If NO, can counsel submit proposed voir dire questions? Yes

            If YES, when should such questions be submitted? Proposed voir dire questions should be submitted three (3) days before commencement of trial.

What are your peremptory challenge procedures? Court questions all jurors utilizing Court questionnaire and any additional Court approved questions requested by counsel. Court subsequently asks counsel at side bar if any additional inquiry is requested. Counsel then moves for excusals based upon cause. Counsel then exercise their peremptory challenges juror by juror in the following manner: jurors are each assigned a number and Government/Plaintiff exercises its peremptory challenges on each odd numbered juror first and Defendant exercises its peremptory challenges first on each even numbered juror. (Ex. Juror #1: To Government/Plaintiff for exercise of peremptory; if none, to Defendant. Juror #2: To Defendant for peremptory if none, to Government/Plaintiff etc.; until the jury is chosen.

In multiple party cases, do you grant each party three peremptory challenges? Yes

      If NO, do you limit each side (i.e., plaintiff/defense) to a total of three peremptory challenges to be shared? Yes

Do you allow back striking during jury selection?

Do you impose any standard time limits on counsel's opening statements? No

      If YES, what are the time limits?

Can exhibits be used in opening statements? Yes

Do you allow plaintiffs to make a rebuttal during opening statements?

Do you permit jurors to

      take notes? Yes

      ask questions? No

      If YES, under what constraints and restrictions?

What, if any, procedures do you have concerning objections at trial? When voicing objections, counsel should stand and state his/her grounds succinctly. (No speaking objections.)

When do you require counsel to file proposed jury instructions? Jury instructions shall be submitted three (3) days before the first day of trial. They may be amended or supplemented, if necessary, at the conclusion of trial. (NOTE: A diskette with the proposed instructions in WordPerfect should also be submitted.)

Should jury instructions also be submitted to chambers electronically?

When standard jury instructions are available, do you prefer that attorneys submit condensed versions of the standard instructions?

Do you require proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law to be filed in bench trials? Yes

      If YES, when do you require the proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law to be filed? Parties shall submit them when trial commences. They may be amended or supplemented, if necessary, at the conclusion of trial. (NOTE: A diskette with the findings of fact and conclusions of law in WordPerfect should also be submitted.)

      Should the proposed findings and conclusions also be submitted to chambers electronically?

Comments:

SENTENCING

Do you require sentencing memos from the parties?

      If YES, what is the deadline for filing a sentencing memo?

      If NO, may parties file a sentencing memo?

If counsel anticipates a contested or extensive sentencing hearing, should counsel notify the court?

If you are considering an upward departure under the United States Sentencing Guidelines, do you provide notice orally or in writing?

In a proceeding for a violation of supervised release conditions, do you personally conduct the admissions/findings of fact hearing or do you refer this to a Magistrate Judge?

Comments:

GENERAL ADVICE

What should lawyers avoid at all costs when appearing before you (other than the obvious: don't be late, do be courteous, etc.), i.e., do you have any “pet peeves”?

Do you have any other practice pointers, advice, observations, or suggestions for members of the Bar appearing before you?

LINKS

Links to your court's webpage with information about your practices or other links you recommend for practitioners:


ATTACHMENTS
Sample orders (please include a sample of any scheduling orders), biography, etc.

BIOGRAPHY.pdf ORDER SETTING PRETRIAL CONFERENCE AND TRIAL.pdf

Survey last modified on 10/24/2006

[Revised: 05-18-2010]