The Florida Bar

Ethics Opinion

Opinion 60-12

October 14, 1960
Advisory ethics opinions are not binding.
It is improper for a partner or associate of an attorney representing a public body to appear
before such public body in representation of a private client even though the matter is not the
subject of controversy and is outside the scope of the public attorney’s responsibilities.
Disclosure of facts and consent of the parties involved is insufficient to remove the impropriety
when a public body is involved.
Note: See Opinion 75-33

ABA 33, 72, 118, 192

Chairman Holcomb stated the opinion of the committee:
As to Query 1—Does an ethical violation occur when a partner or associate of an
attorney representing a public body appears before such public body in representation of a
private client?—American Bar Committee Opinion 72 holds that a law firm cannot properly
accept any employment which one of its partners cannot properly accept, and an attorney for a
drainage district may properly accept employment to attack the validity of state and county
assessments only when it will not affect the district adversely and is not inconsistent with his
previous activities in its behalf. Canon 6 provides that it is unprofessional to represent conflicting
interests, except by express consent of all concerned given after a full disclosure of the facts. A
firm may not accept employment which previous relations prevent a partner from accepting
(Opinion 33). The prosecuting attorney of one county may not undertake to obtain a pardon or
parole for a convict in another county (Opinion 118). A law firm should not represent interests
adverse to those of the employer of any member of the firm (Opinion 192). It would be highly
improper for one member of a partnership to be the legal adviser of a public body and another
member of the partnership to appear before that body to argue a question of law with respect to
which it would be only natural that his partner would be consulted by the public body. We
therefore believe that the answer to this question would be that such representation would be
Query 2—Would the answer to the basic question be altered if it were assumed that the
attorney for the public body is only one of several attorneys representing this body, each with
delineated responsibilities, and his responsibilities do not fall in the area in which his partner or
associate is requesting action on behalf of a private client? In answer to this question, we do not
feel that the fact that the public agency has several attorneys would alter our opinion in this
connection, and we therefore consider that such representation would still be unethical.
Query 3—Would the answer be altered where it is assumed that the action or relief
sought from the public body is of a ministerial nature, or is not the subject of any controversy or
does not involve opposition or competition from other private citizens? The refinement of this

question makes it much more difficult to pass upon whether there is any question of ethics
involved at all, and there is some division of thought as to whether or not presentation of routine
administrative matters would raise any question of ethics. The majority opinion is that such
representation would still be unethical.
Query 4—Would the answer be altered where it is assumed that complete disclosure of
dual representation is made to the governing board of the public body and to the private client
and full consent is obtained from each? In this connection, we do not believe it proper for a
lawyer representing a public agency to ask consent to represent a private conflicting interest, and
therefore would consider such representation improper and unethical.