FLORIDA BAR ETHICS OPINION
March 28, 1969
Advisory ethics opinions are not binding.
In the absence of any controlling provision in a partnership agreement or other instrument or of
consent by the continuing firm, or of specific instructions from the client in question, a
withdrawing partner has no right to remove from the partnership premises files on which he may
have worked while a member of the firm.
7 and 33
Chairman MacDonald stated the opinion of the Committee:
Members of The Florida Bar advise that one member recently withdrew from
their partnership, leaving the remaining partners to continue the firm practice. The
withdrawing partner, upon the discontinuance of his association with the firm,
removed a considerable number of files from the firm offices to his new office.
The firm did not consent in advance to this removal and desires their return; the
withdrawing partner, who had performed substantially all of the work in
connection with the files in question, is of the view that he is directly responsible
for the clients and that the files should not be returned until the clients specifically
The continuing firm and the withdrawing partner commendably all seek our
guidance in this controversy, recognizing the validity of the proposition that it is
for the client to decide who shall represent him, and limiting their disagreement to
the identity of the proper possessor of the files pending such designation.
We observe at the outset that is entirely likely as a matter of law that all of the inquiring
individuals, both the withdrawing partner and the continuing firm, may have legal obligations in
connection with the handling of the various legal matters which may be involved in the files
described. The nature and scope of these obligations might vary dependent upon the subject
matter of the files. In all events, there are involved questions of law beyond our purview.
However, as to the matter of legal ethics here involved, it is our decided view that in the absence
of any controlling provision in a partnership agreement or other instrument, and in the absence of
consent by the continuing firm, a withdrawing partner has no right to remove from the
partnership premises files on which he may have worked while a member of the firm in advance
of specific instructions from the client whose work is encompassed by the file in question.
We concur in the suggestion advanced by the continuing firm that a dignified and
appropriate notice of the withdrawal be submitted to the clients involved with an appropriate
request that instructions be given.